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Functional Classification of Electric Wheelchair


Electric wheelchairs can be functionally classified based on their intended use and the features they offer. Here are some common functional classifications of electric wheelchairs:

1. Indoor/Standard Power Wheelchairs: These electric wheelchairs are primarily designed for indoor use and maneuverability in tight spaces. They typically have a compact size, tight turning radius, and features like small drive wheels and responsive controls. They are suitable for use in homes, offices, and indoor environments where maneuverability is essential.

2. Outdoor/All-Terrain Power Wheelchairs: These electric wheelchairs are designed for outdoor use and are equipped with features to handle various terrains. They have larger wheels with improved traction, robust suspension systems, and higher ground clearance. All-terrain power wheelchairs enable users to navigate outdoor surfaces, including grass, gravel, uneven terrain, and curbs.

3. Travel/Portable Power Wheelchairs: These electric wheelchairs are designed with lightweight and foldable frames, making them easily transportable. They often feature removable batteries, detachable components, and compact dimensions. Travel power wheelchairs are suitable for individuals who need a wheelchair that can be easily stored, transported in a car, or taken on trips.

4. Standing Power Wheelchairs: Standing power wheelchairs provide the capability for the user to transition from a seated position to a standing position. These wheelchairs have powered mechanisms that lift the user into a standing position, offering various health benefits such as improved circulation, pressure relief, and enhanced social interaction.

5. Tilt-in-Space Power Wheelchairs: Tilt-in-space power wheelchairs feature a seating system that allows the user to tilt the entire seating surface while maintaining a fixed hip-to-back angle. This feature helps redistribute pressure, enhance comfort, and promote proper positioning for individuals who spend extended periods in the wheelchair.

6. Rehabilitative Power Wheelchairs: Rehabilitative power wheelchairs are designed for individuals with specific rehabilitation needs. They often offer advanced seating and positioning options, including customizable seating systems, specialized controls, and options for adaptive accessories. These wheelchairs are commonly used in clinical and therapeutic settings.

7. Bariatric Power Wheelchairs: Bariatric power wheelchairs are specifically designed to accommodate individuals with higher weight capacities. They feature reinforced frames, wider seating areas, and heavy-duty components to provide stability, durability, and comfort for users with larger body sizes.

It's important to note that these classifications are not mutually exclusive, and some electric wheelchairs may incorporate features from multiple categories. The selection of an electric wheelchair should be based on the individual's specific needs, functional abilities, and lifestyle requirements, and it's advisable to consult with healthcare professionals or mobility specialists for guidance in choosing the most suitable type of electric wheelchair.

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